To download a clean, unwatermarked image for commercial or personal use, click on the green "buy" button next to each photo and follow the "downloads" tabs to select the appropriate license. All licenses are unlimited term.

Owing to a large volume of requests, I may not reply to queries for unpaid image use. My general policies regarding image use depend on context, as follows:

Commercial Use

Images may be licensed for commercial use via the "add-to-cart" button accompanying each image in the galleries. Select the "Downloads" tab to view various size and pricing options. If you are ordering multiple images, or would like a rights-managed contract, I offer discounts. Email me (alwild [at] with the details of your project. Examples of commercial use include: company web pages, product labels, books, merchandise, magazines, most apps, and educational products.

License fees vary depending on the use, but generally fall between $40 and $400 per image. License arrangements for less than $300 must use the automated online system.

Non-Profit Use

Registered non-profit organizations may be able to license my work at discounted rates, or free of charge, depending on the context of use. Contact me for an estimate; prior permission is required.

Classroom Use

Educational classroom use by students, teachers, and researchers is free of license fees, strongly encouraged, and does not require prior permission as long as the use does not involve uploading images to the internet. If the project involves posting my photographs to the internet, prior permission is required and images must be accompanied by a visible photo credit and a link back to Citing sources is good scholarship, after all!

I do not allow my work to be used in projects involving uploads to sites that apply a blanket Creative Commons license. This means my photographs cannot be used on Wikipedia, Wikispaces, and other similar sites.

Conference Presentations

Participants of academic conferences are welcome to use my photographs in presentations and posters without prior permission. I require images to be accompanied by a credit.

Journal Articles/Technical Papers

Use of my photographs in the scientific literature is considered commercial use and requires a paid licensing agreement.

Press Releases

I do not allow my images to be used in press releases without a full rights-transfer. Transfers can be purchased for a limited selection of unpublished photographs, starting at $500/image.

Social Media - Commercial

Use of my photographs in social media (facebook, blogs, twitter, etc.) by commercial entities is the same as "Commercial Use" (above) and requires a licensing agreement.

Social Media - Personal

People acting in a personal capacity are welcome to share my photographs on blogs, web pages, and social media accounts without prior permission, provided that all images are accompanied by a link back to Failure to attribute an image properly may result in a takedown notice to the web host.

Derivative Artworks

Prior permission is required to copy all or parts of my photographs in derivative artworks. Some adaptations I may consider to be Fair Use, others will require a formal licensing agreement. The only way to be sure is to ask.

Copyright Infringement Policy

Unfortunately, I contend with hundreds of copyright infringements every year. I have implemented the following policy in an attempt to maintain control over my work.

Unauthorized non-commercial uses of my copyrighted images and text are subject to DMCA takedown requests without advance notice.

Unauthorized commercial infringements of my copyrighted images will be handled by a contracted copyright enforcement organization, which may result in legal action to recover statutory damages as outlined in Title 17, ยง 504, of the United States copyright laws.

Unauthorized uploads of my photographs to YouTube may be met with DMCA takedown notices. I will retract a Youtube DMCA claim on the purchase of a 1 mpx commercial use license (for monetized videos) or personal use license (for non-monetized videos), for the relevant images.

All of the images on are registered copyright with the U.S. copyright office.

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