Formica - Alex Wild Photography
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Formica integroides workers tending pine aphids.  The ants obtain a large portion of their energy from symbiotic relationships with hemipterans such as these aphids.

Sagehen Creek, California, USA

Formica integroides workers tending pine aphids. The ants obtain a large portion of their energy from symbiotic relationships with hemipterans such as these aphids. Sagehen Creek, California, USA

formica integroidesFormicaformicinaeformicidaehymenopteraaculeataapocritaaphidsaphidhoneydewcarbohydratesecologymutualismtrophicaphidaepine aphidsred and black antspecies interactionstendingsocial insects