Pseudoneoponera - Alex Wild Photography
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Pseudoneoponera sp.

Pseudoneoponera sp.

When threatened, some species of Pseudoneoponera create a defensive foam from their venom gland. The foam is produced quickly and in impressive quantities, sometimes forming long chains of single bubbles. Here, I provoked the behavior by picking up a worker with forceps. Koh Kong Province, Cambodia (laboratory colony at the University of Illinois)

foam defensePonerinaePseudoneoponeraPachycondylavenomformicidae