Ants and Plants - Alex Wild Photography
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Swollen-thorn Acacia trees in the undergrowth of a Panamanian forest.  The ground beneath the trees is maintained free of weeds by ants that inhabit the thorns.

Chiriqui, Panama

Swollen-thorn Acacia trees in the undergrowth of a Panamanian forest. The ground beneath the trees is maintained free of weeds by ants that inhabit the thorns.

Chiriqui, Panama

Mutualismnaturetropicsevolutionantsacaciabotanyentomologyecology